Back to School – with a special GIVE AWAY!

Welcome copy

I LOVE DJ Inkers clipart and fonts!  When I was teaching I was often known as the Queen of clipart!  I loved to use different fonts and add fun clipart to everything I printed.  All of the clipart in this post – in fact most of the clipart I have used in my whole blog has been from DJ Inkers.  I also have an embarrassing amount of fun fonts, and my favorites are from DJ Inkers!

DJ Inkers has a brand new website with LOTS of fun smiles for Back to School!  Here is a link so you can check it out!   http://www.djinkers.com

I have been having fun with one of their most popular clipart sets – Kidllywinks – and I have made a few things for the beginning of the school year.  The BEST part is that DJ Inkers is going to let me GIVE AWAY this amazing clipart set to one of my readers!  So exciting!

In order to be part of this raffle to win a Kidillywinks clipart set, you have to do a few things:

1) Follow one of DJ Inker’s boards on pinterest  https://www.pinterest.com/djinkers/

2) Like DJ Inkers on facebook   https://www.facebook.com/cuteclipart/

3) Join one of DJ Inker’s email newsletter lists.  http://goo.gl/8OS0D4

 You can enter the raffle by clicking here!
a Rafflecopter giveaway

Please leave a comment about how you would use this clipart too!

The winner will be chosen on August 2, 2016!

I am so excited to be able to share this chance with you, I hope you all take the time to check out DJ Inkers and subscribe to their newsletter.  They have FREEBIES every month!

Here are a few examples of things I’ve made using Kidillywinks clipart!
Daily schedule Kdg

This is a sample Kindergarten schedule.  Parents often ask for a general idea of how the day will go, and it’s a lot cuter with the clipart!

I used to ask the children to draw a self portrait on the first day of school.

First day

 

You are probably familiar with this beehive rhyme.  I made this easy, fun project using Kidillywinks clipart too!  I like this simple project because although it is very easy, it gives you a chance to observe the children’s cutting skills and they can practice counting forward and backward.  In my classes the kids always had a wide range of previous experience and expertise in academic stuff.  I also liked doing some fun, simple projects to help the children relax and gain confidence in those first long days of school.

hive poem

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I just printed out the beehive and bees, then I taped a fold and tuck baggie onto the back of the beehive.

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Just for fun I cut the door so it would open and you can see the bees inside the beehive.

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Here is the master

revised hive

I used to make a lot of simple board games for the children to play at centers.  Playing games is such a good way to encourage taking turns and cooperating.  Moving a game piece requires one to one correspondence, using dice or spinners gives practice recognizing numerals or standard configuration of dots.  It always made me smile that I could give the kids the exact same game with different clipart on it and it seemed like a new game!  Here is a sample of a simple board I liked to use.

blank 3

Here is it with some Kidillywinks back to school clipart added.

Blank school gameboard

This game reinforces naming shapes.

Shape gameboard

Adding Kidillywinks fall clipart makes it fun to name letters!

Letter gameboard

I hope you all enjoy the rest of your summer!

Good luck on the raffle!

 

 

 

 

Tying Shoes!

Years ago we used to practice tying shoes in Kindergarten..  That just doesn’t happen any more.  Between large class sizes, increased curriculum, and the prevalence of velcro fasteners it is no longer a priority.  I used to encourage children to tie, and to help tie each other’s shoes.  I had a ‘Shoe Tying Experts’ board displaying the names of those who could tie (and who could help someone else!)  We celebrated when someone mastered the skill.  But still there were many kindergartners who needed help.  Shoe tying is really a one on one skill to teach anyway.

Yesterday Owen’s teacher showed me a new, easy way to tie shoes!  I have always been a  ‘make a loop and wrap the other lace around it’ kind of girl, but I did know about the two bunny ear method.  This new technique is an even easier way to use those bunny ear loops!

The first step is to pull the laces OUT of the top hole on each side of the shoe.

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Next take the end of the shoelace and push it into the top hole from the outside.  Just stick it in a little way.  Repeat on the other side so both laces are looped back into the inside of the shoe.

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Now pick up the loop that was made on each side and cross them over, one on top of the other.  Leaving the ends of the laces inside the shoe.

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Tuck the top loop under the bottom loop.  Hold the loops and pull them tight.

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Now pick up the two new loops and cross one over the other again.  Once again tuck the top loop under the bottom loop

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Pull the loops to tighten again.  This is much easier than when you tie in the conventional way because there is a bigger space to tuck the loop under after you tighten the loops the first time.

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Straighten the loops – you need to turn them sideways a bit, and pull the ends out of the top holes.

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Now your shoe is tied with a double “knot” that won’t come undone easily!   So unless you have a problem leaving your top eyelets empty – this might be a great way to teach the kids in your life how to tie!

Parent Education

I went to college because I wanted to teach young children.  I have always been much more comfortable singing silly songs, reading stories or playing with puppets in front of a class of 4-6 year olds than speaking to a group of eye-contact avoiding adults who are secretly checking their email messages.  But still I felt responsible to share information with my Kindergarten parents about basic child development, how children really learn, and child management strategies; along with keeping them updated about what their child was learning and how they were progressing at school.

Parenting is very hard work, and many parents don’t have much support or easy access to information unless teachers of young children educate the parents too!  Oprah Winfrey often says that when people know better, they do better.  I think the best way to teach anything is to SHOW, not TELL.  Parents who volunteered in my classroom sometimes told me that they learned a lot just by watching circle time, that was such a special thing to hear!  Two or three times each year I asked every child to bring an adult to school for a half day.  I called these Parent/Child Activity Days.  They were always based on a theme and the activities the parents and children participated in covered lots of subject areas of our curriculum.  First we went through some of our morning routines – calendar, morning message, etc. so parents could see what their children did each day.  When I planned the activities I always included a cooking project, large motor play, reading and writing for a reason, constructive play, science experiments – including charting information, math games, art experiences, etc.  By coming in to school and interacting with their child the parents could see how the children learned by doing.  Over and over I would hear parents say “We could do this at home!” about an activity they particularly enjoyed with their child.  Under the Theme section of my blog I have shared some of these parent/child activity days.  I have a few more that I will still post.  I loved these special days or evenings, and families told me they did too.  But not all parents were able or willing to participate.  I knew that I had to share information in lots of different ways.

The most basic thing I told my parents was to read to your child.  You really can’t tell them this enough.  I love this poem and often posted it where parents would see it.

Read to me

There are lots of ways to encourage parents to read to their children.  You could send home ideas of books children might love – especially around holiday gift giving times.  You might want to include a little description or excerpt as well as giving them the titles and authors.  You could attach a note with suggestions of good books along with book order forms.  I found that when I read and reread a book – and it became a classroom favorite, many kids asked their parents for their own copy.

I sent books home as often as I could.  I tried to set up a system of sharing books overnight that the children could manage independently – because I just never had time to check books in or out.  Of course, you lose a few …  but I think it’s worth it.  I don’t remember where I got this list of 100 suggested books – I think it was from a public library.

Here is a copy if you would like to print it:

100 Books to Read in Kdg

Just like everything else, you have to think through your motives – sometimes my goal was just to get parents to read wonderful, exciting, fun stories to their children.  I wanted them all to fall in love with reading.  Other times I wanted them to read simple, emergent stories with sight words that the children would recognize, or a repetitive pattern for the children to chime in.  I wanted parents to understand different components of a read aloud – from left to right progression of print, using picture cues, making connections, understanding the story elements, and retelling main events.  I knew that the more children are exposed to reading, the better readers they will be.  Children are so lucky when they have parents who take the time to read with them.  I tried to reinforce and encourage and praise parents as much as I could!  I think it helps to acknowledge how busy they are, and how difficult finding time in their schedules can be.

Quite awhile ago I wrote a post about Kindergarten homework, I shared monthly read aloud game charts, and suggestions of things parents can do with their children through each month.  Just search Kindergarten Homework if you would like to take a look.  Along with those calendars and charts I also sent home information that might be helpful for parents.  One year my professional goal was parent education, and that is when I developed these handouts.  Much of the information I shared came from a class called Playful Literacy and You, by Dr. Kara Gregory.  I tried to put some of her ideas into a form that might help parents of young children understand how children learn and things they can do to help.   I sent one of these handouts home about once a month.  The first year I used these I gave each parent a folder with a label on the front to collect these papers through the year.  I was hoping that might make them value the information more, and even if they didn’t read it right away they might take a look at the folder later.  I am happy to share these with you.

13 Reading to Your Child

1 Play and Literacy

2 Play and Literacy

3 What is the best way to learn

4 Play and Playful Learning

5 Six Kinds of Play

6 Understanding Language

7 The Uses of Language

8 The Development of Conversation

9 -Support. Oral Lang. Dev

10 Strategies to Support

11 Phonological Awareness

12 Print Awareness

14 Handwriting

16 Dev. Written Lang

I wish you all a wonderful school year, filled with excited children who are ready to learn, and supportive parents who want to be partners with you in this terrific journey!

More First Day Stuff!

I just wanted to share a few things that got me through those very first few days with the children.  Every year, and every group of children is exciting and different.  Being flexible is probably one of the most important attributes a Kindergarten teacher needs – or maybe that is patience – or sense of humor – or love – or endurance!  I think you need a big dose of all of them!

The teachers in my building always went outside to greet the buses as the children arrived that first full day of school.  Some were also dropped off by parents.  It took awhile for all the buses to arrive in the confusion of all the new schedules, and sometimes we waited outside for 10-15 minutes.  I found that it was really helpful to bring a puppet with me, and I chose to bring Calvin because I could still hold a child’s hand, high five, or hold onto a paper if I needed to, and still make Calvin look like he was interacting with the children.

Calvin helped me count the children as they arrived, and generally set the tone of fun in those first moments of school.

Here is a very basic schedule of how I planned that day:

Wednesday

One of the activities I always included that first day was asking each child to draw a self portrait and write their name.  These gave me lots of great information about fine motor skills and following directions.  I usually gave each child a small mirror to study his/her reflection before drawing.  Here is the paper I used:
 

I kept these and we did the exact activity in June.  I mounted both pictures on folded paper to compare their drawing and name writing.

Here is the Sept. page to print:

How I look

We asked parents to send in a sack lunch for awhile to give children time to get used to the lunch room before they bought hot lunch, but we sent home a list of hints to make lunch go more easily.

Lunch Time Hints for Parents

I made this sign for the classroom to help children remember our 3 most important rules.

Be safe

Almost everything is covered by those 3 rules.  Of course there were lots and lots of rules about how to use materials around the classroom, how to walk in the hall, play on the playground, etc.  But I treated all of these as routines that I taught rather than rules to be followed.  Instead of saying – No throwing blocks, we talked about exactly how we used and put away blocks.  I tried to concentrate on what I wanted the children to do, not what I did NOT want them to do.

We talked a lot about how many choices they would make every day.

No one is bor1

Here is a cover I used for our Drawing and Writing book at the beginning of the year, following the program Talking, Drawing, Writing.

Drawing cover

I also posted a chart of Goodbye sayings.

goodbye sayings

Sometimes my mind would go blank during those stressful first days – that’s why I wrote out a lesson plan that I could follow if needed, and I also kept a list of songs the children were likely to be familiar with handy – in case I needed to give them a chance to move around, or come together!

Song ideas

We usually made a simple cut and paste bus project.  We sang the song The Wheels on the Bus and acted out riding on the bus by putting about 6 chairs in 2 x 2 rows.  I called on different children to be the driver.  We sang the chorus, then the driver decided how many children would get on the bus (1-4).  I had labeled popsicle sticks with each child’s name.  I pulled out that many sticks and those children sat in the chairs.  Then we sang the chorus again, the bus “stopped” and the driver said how many more children got on – we turned it into a simple math problem, just orally.  It went right over some children’s heads, others got the idea – but they all loved the activity.  Then we started again with a new driver until all children got a chance to participate.

Through the years I often heard parents or the children themselves say that they were excited to go to school so they could learn to read.  I made this very simple little fold up book so the children could take home a book they could read that very first day.  We read it together several times during the day so all the children would remember the names of all the items.

Along with the printable version, here is a reminder of how to fold up these small books – I folded them all ahead of time.

school book

folding books

One more activity that I liked to do at the very beginning of the year was to help the children find a partner and “interview” their partner.  Of course I modeled exactly what they would be doing and was right there to help if needed.  It was a great way to introduce the idea of turning to talk – or “eye to eye, knee to knee.”  You could make partners by passing out ribbons of different lengths and colors and the children need to find the person with a matching ribbon.  You could ask them to find a partner who is wearing the same color as them, or has the same color hair as they do.  There are lots of ways you can turn making partners into a game, but sometimes you might just want them to talk to their neighbor.

Each child wrote his/her name on top of their paper before they sat facing their partner.  Sometimes I gave them each a clipboard to write against.

1st day interview

Each child asked his/her partner which item they liked best –

Rainy days or sunny days?

Ice cream or cupcake?

Cat or dog?

They circled their partner’s preference on their own paper.  Then they traded papers and wrote their own name at the bottom of the partner’s paper.

One thing I liked about this interview activity was that parents so often ask their child if they met any new friends at school that day.  This format gives each child a chance to individually talk to another child and to take home the name of another child in class – which can open up a conversation at home.

I always tried to remember to teach the children the word friend in sign language.

You probably won’t have time to do all these things that first day, but I hope this helps you a little through those first tiring days at school!

The First Day

I always thought the beginning of the year was a bit crazy in Kindergarten – you are suddenly in charge of 25 + little personalities that all desperately need your attention at the same time.  You deal with separation problems, bathroom issues, fears and tears, aggressive tendencies, and getting them all on the right buses to go home!  But when we went to full day Kindergarten, that very first day just about overwhelmed me!   The full day meant the addition of all the traumas of lunch time, and such a long day for tired children.

Fortunately, in my district we asked parents to come to school with their child on the very first day, and they stayed for a half day introduction to school.  Part of the time we spent in our classroom exploring the materials, going over play ground rules, hearing a story and decorating our book boxes.  Then I met with the parents in our Media Center while a paraeducator read a story, played a game, sang songs, passed out a simple snack and supervised the children.  I think most Kindergarten teachers prepare a packet of important information for parents, but this gave us a chance to go over things in person, and answer parents’ questions.

Here was a basic schedule for the day – we had either 4 or 5 kindergarten classes each year, some groups came in the morning, the others in the afternoon.

First day plan

The parents picked up this note when they arrived in my room:
1st day note

Here are the slides we shared during our talk with parents one year.

We had always given out a packet of the same information, but some parents did not read it, or remember it.  We found it was much more effective to go over these details in person, and we could also answer parents’ questions.  We still gave out the written packet.

First day packet

We sent home a letter to the parents and children a couple of weeks before school, including this questionnaire.

Kindergarten Questionnaire

kid letter

At the end of this meeting I read an essay from the humorist Erma Bombeck.  Many of you young teachers may not even know her name, but she was widely known as a columnist and she was even a regular on Good Morning America many years ago.  She had a wonderful way of stating the feelings Moms all over our country shared.  I liked to read it because even though it made some parents cry, it helped them to know that I understood some of their feelings about their child going off to school.  I hope you love it too!

Erma’s essay

Rituals!

One of the most important things that we do at the beginning of the year is to make connections with the children in our class, and to help them develop good relationships among themselves.  This is so important because we want children to feel safe and comfortable, and cared about while they are at school.  Brain research clearly shows that feelings such as fear, anger, stress, apprehension and nervousness impact the child’s ability to learn.  Also when people feel a sense of relationship, or community,  they are much more likely to cooperate and get along.  There really is no way we can make a child behave well, or do anything we ask.  All we can do is to set up an environment and atmosphere that helps them want to make good choices.  We want them to feel like our class is a team that works together and cares about each other.

I referred to my classroom as a School Family.  Two ways to foster this concept is by developing routines that help the children feel comfortable and safe – these give them a sense of order – they know what to expect; and rituals, that bind the class together.  Rituals are just special activities that are done to connect and unite you and the children in your class.

Here is a list of some of the rituals I developed with my kindergartners:

Ritual list

I learned a lot and got many ideas from Conscious Discipline, a program developed by Dr. Becky Bailey.  I highly recommend reading her books, or taking the class if you get a chance.

I think it is important to greet each child as they arrive at school  Becky Bailey said that eye contact and touch are two powerful ways to build connections between people, so I wanted to use these to greet the kids.  I am a big hugger and my natural tendency is just to give each child a hug as they come through the door.  But some children are not always comfortable with that level of touch.  I wore this apron every morning.

Of course I explained it and modeled how to use it at the beginning of the year.

Each child would decide what touch they wanted from me.  If they touched the 5 I would give them a high 5.  If they touched the bear I would hug them, and if they touched the handprint I would shake hands with them as I told them hello or good morning.  I had to remind myself to really be present with the child when I was greeting him or her.  The beginning of the day can be really busy, and it was easy to be hugging, high 5-ing, etc. without really thinking about the child.  I tried to concentrate, smile at the child and make it meaningful.   Another great idea is to notice something about each child as you greet them – it doesn’t even need to be stated as a compliment, just that you are paying attention – “Justin, you have a new shirt on today!”  “Megan you look like you are in a good mood!”  It takes such a little effort and time, and it makes each child feel noticed and important.

I made this apron from a tool apron I bought at Home Depot – really cheap.  I used a die cut machine to make the 5 out of felt, the handprint out of vinyl and I had cut the bear face out of a scrap of fur.  I used craft glue to put them on the apron.

When the children went into the classroom they did their normal morning routines, then symbolically put a person in a little box.  This symbolized our whole class together and safe.  I had little people figures that I used for awhile, but then decided it was better for each child to decorate a wooden ice cream spoon to look like him/herself.  I wrote the names on them with permanent markers.

We sang this song:

I have a little safety box

To keep my Kindergartners in

I take them out and (kiss kiss kiss)

And put them back again!

When someone was absent we wrote their name on the board and mentioned how much we would miss them that day.  When an absent child returned to school we sang this song to the tune Frere Jacques:

We missed Timmy

We missed Timmy

Yes we did, yes we did

Glad that you are back, glad that you are back

Now we miss …..

OR  Everybody’s here!

Another ritual we used every morning was singing Hello Neighbor, a song I learned from a Dr. Jean CD.  I didn’t use the CD in the morning – we just sang it.  This song includes eye contact and touch between the children.  We practiced gentle touches.

Hello Neighbor

Every day one child was the Special Helper and sat right next to me, on a little stool I decorated.  In my post called Special Helpers I talked about some of the jobs they did.  They also chose a handshake to “pass around the circle.”  In my post Greetings and Celebrations I talked about different kinds of handshakes.  The special helper would choose a handshake and do it with me, then they would turn and do it with the child next to him/her at the circle, that child would turn to his/her neighbor, and it would go around the circle all the way back to me.

We would often sing our school family song too.  It is to the tune of You are My Sunshine.

You are my family

I taught the children very simple sign language for important words in this song.  Adding motions helps the children learn songs, and be more actively involved.

Another song that built a sense of community was You are my Friend:

Friend song words

Later in the year we made a book using these words:

Sometimes we made a class book, other times each child illustrated their own book to take home.

Which songs you choose is not as important as the fact that they become a ritual in your classroom that the children count on to signal the beginning of a safe, predictable day.  Check out CDs by Becky Bailey and Dr. Jean if you are looking for more ideas.

All of these songs included simple movements because exercise and breathing are great ways to help children de-stress too!

In my classroom we did not have any kind of reward system.   Over the years I tried lots of kinds – a jar that we filled with cotton balls, sticker charts, etc.  But the children often got frustrated waiting for a reward – or sometimes one child consistently make choices that kept the others from reaching these rewards.  And if some children received a reward, but not all – that was like a punishment for them.  I just didn’t find them helpful as a longterm strategy.  Dr. Bailey suggested having lots of celebrations instead of rewards.  The main difference is that a celebration is never promised ahead of time, or contingent on good behavior or success.  You may choose to celebrate good behavior that you noticed – that had already happened, but I would not say …”If you are quiet walking down the hall we will go out for recess!”  Instead I would say “Wow!  I noticed that our class was very quiet in the hallway – so we are going to celebrate by having an extra recess.”  You can celebrate in lots of different simple ways, the children really love it, and they are very motivated to repeat the behavior that you celebrated!

Celebrations can be simple, and most of mine were – or more elaborate.  You could have a surprise popcorn party or video, extra recess, or a fun game or song that they enjoy.  The most important thing is to talk about why you are celebrating.  I sewed a drawstring bag about of festive fabric to be our Celebration Bag.  I put an assortment of noise making toys, a couple of plastic champagne glasses (to click together), plastic eggs filled with bells and taped shut, etc.   There were enough items in the bag for each child to choose one.

For many celebrations I would dump the contents of this bag onto the carpet, we’d go around the circle and each child would select one – they did it very quickly because I kept calling kids.  Then we stood up – they had to hold their item very quietly and we chanted “We’re so proud, we’re so great!  We just have to celebrate!  One, two, three …”  And then we shook the toys and made noise – they were great about it and didn’t yell or act wildly – they really considered it a special privilege.  Then I went around the circle and collected the toys in the bag.  It probably took less than 5 minutes, and they loved it!

We also used special Cheers.  I got these from Dr. Jean Feldman – drjean.org.  She has a lot of these cheers on her website, ready to print off.  We cheered all kinds of achievement all day long – when a child did the calendar, tied their shoe, learned a sight word, treated someone kindly … anything I wanted to notice and recognize.  At the beginning of the year I always chose the cheers and modeled them, later I would ask the child what cheer they would like.

We kept them in this little box from a sample size of Cheer detergent

I printed them from Dr. Jean’s website on cardstock, then laminated them.

These are a few of my favorites:
We also had a few songs that we sang along with our routines, and they became classroom rituals too.  I got many of them from Dr. Jean’s CD’s – I have listed my favorites on a post labeled Songs.

Here is a song I used often to get the children to quickly come to sit on the carpet:
Have a seat

We ended every day with the song May There Always Be Sunshine – Dr. Jean’s Keep on Singing and Dancing:

May there always be sunshine copy

We also used some of these silly rhymes:

Ways to say goodbye

There are countless ways to develop rituals in your classroom.  You have to find things that you and your children enjoy and feel connected with.  Keep in mind that eye contact and touch are powerful ways to help people feel connected, and that movement and deep breathing help children de-stress.  Most of all just love your kids and have fun with them!

Centers

I am so happy that you are reading my blog, and I love getting questions or comments.   I truly know there is not one right way to do anything in your classroom, I hope I have said that before.  I am just trying to encourage you to make conscious choices about everything you do, and to be able to explain why you made those choices if any one asks you.

Centers are defined and used in so many different ways.  Through the years I tried lots of different systems, there are pros and cons to almost anything you do.  I don’t think my way is necessarily right, but I would like to share what worked best for me, and why I made these choices.

In my classroom centers were strictly free choice activities.  Everyday there were projects and activities that all children were expected to complete, but at center time they chose where they wanted to go and how long they wanted to stay there.  One of my reasons for this was because I believe that children often feel powerless, all day long people are telling them what to do, and how to do it.   I tried to find as many opportunities as possible to allow them to make choices.  I found that many children are much more cooperative when you ask them to do things, when they are allowed to choose for themselves at other times during the day.  That is a strategy that I think is very important for all children, and we try to allow Owen to make choices as much as possible too!

Some of the materials at my centers remained the same all year long, some I changed.  For example, at the Art center I might add sticky foam or fabric scraps, but there were always paints, fun scissors, paper, markers, etc.   During the course of the year the Math center games would change, but basic materials like unifix cubes and pattern blocks were always there.  I did change materials in the tubs of literacy activities as the children became confident with letters and sounds and moved on to emergent reading.

I am a huge advocate of socio-dramatic play so I had two areas in my room that specifically encouraged this kind of interaction – the Story Telling Cottage and the Play Center.  Of course I know that children also engaged in dramatic play at the blocks, art center, play dough, and lots of other places.  Please check out my posts on play and dramatic play if you’d like to hear more about them.

The Play Center changed throughout the year to things like Mission Control, Driver’s Training Center, Bear Hospital, Dentist Office, Restaurant, etc.  I changed the name of my Housekeeping center to Story Telling Cottage to encourage the children to take on roles and act out a story (usually one they created).   I modeled and got involved in the play at all the centers, at the Story Telling Cottage we talked about how the children might be the Dad or the mailman or the Ballerina, they would need to decide where they were – at the office?  At someone’s house?  I had gotten very tired of the kids just pulling out all the food and dress up clothes, throwing everything on the floor and walking away.  With the changes I made that included reducing lots of the stuff the play really became more meaningful.  Once in a while I might add something to the house, but I usually encouraged the children to think of what they could use or make to enhance their play.

I wanted a system that encouraged children to think about where they wanted to play – not just to wander around the room and look for where their friends were playing.  I also wanted to limit the number of children who could play at each center – mainly because there were limited materials.   I made this Center chart one of the first years I was teaching, and used it about 20 years!

The chart itself was made from a piece of canvas that I bought at JoAnn Fabrics – I think it is used for lawn chairs.  I left the selvage edges on the sides, but hemmed the bottom on my sewing machine and made a simple casing at the top, I put a yardstick through that casing and held it up on the magnetic chalkboard with Magnet Men.

My centers were color coded.  Around the classroom I suspended a different colored sign from the ceiling over each center.  I went to a bunch of stores to find all different colors of posterboard, I made a few out of construction paper but they faded very fast.  Then I made simple signs with recognizable pictures to label each center.  These pictures were posted on the suspended signs, and I made tiny reproductions of the identical signs for the center chart.

I didn’t save a copy of my original center signs, but I made a few you might be able to use.  There are lots available on the internet, check out Environments!

center charts

Here are small versions:

Small chart

You can easily make your own center signs using clipart – or Google Images.  I had purchased some really cute signs with little animals using materials at each center, but I decided I liked the very simple ones better.

I glued the small version of the center charts onto 3 x 5 cards (or posterboard cut that size).  The colors on the chart matched the colors hanging over the centers, and so did the signs.  Then I bought heavy clear plastic that is sold by the yard at fabric stores.  I cut the plastic into pieces about 5 1/2 by 8 inches, one piece for each center.  Then I folded the plastic in half and zigzag stitched them onto the  canvas chart.  They were the right size to slip the cards into, and they lifted up so we could clip matching colored clothespins onto the bottom of the plastic.    I hope this makes sense!

I bought plain clothespins and lots of cheap spray paint.  I just put the clothespins on newspaper and sprayed them.  The paint lasted for years and I repainted most of the clothespins to be fresh each school year.  The children would come to the chart, look for where there were available clothespins, take one and clip it onto their shirt – then go to the center.  If they wanted to go to a different center they would return to the chart, replace that clothespin and take another.

Of course there are always little issues –  I painted extra clothespins because occasionally a child would forget to put one back and take it home.  They sometimes got lost at centers, they sometimes slid apart and I became an expert at putting that little spring back in.  One year I had a class that would hide a highly desirable color of clothespin so they could use it again!  But in general I really liked this system.  I could close a center by removing the clothespins,  or add extra clothespins if I wanted to.

I did not formally keep track of which centers children chose, or how long they stayed there – except when I opened a new play center.  All the kids usually were anxious to go there, so I usually put up a class list and checked them off until everyone had a turn, then it was open for anyone.  There were some children who consistently wanted to play at the blocks or the doll house, but they didn’t always get first choice of clothespins.  I did keep informal notes about where kids chose to play, parents often asked and it gave me interesting information too.  There were a few less popular centers – and that differed from year to year. I found that where the center was located in the room sometimes made a difference in how popular it was.

I knew the children were learning at the centers because I provided appropriate materials, and interacted in their play; but I did not have an agenda or specific goal for these centers so I didn’t worry about what they chose.  BUT I did spend time making Math games, which were part of our Math program, and literacy games and I wanted children to use them!  So there were times during the day that the children could ONLY choose math activities or ONLY literacy activities.  I had a specific set of shelves that contained about 8-10 tubs of materials for Math and another set for Literacy stuff.  During these times the children still got to make choices about what to play with, but all the choices were math, or all the choices were literacy.  Usually I would have center time during the morning, and during an afternoon choice time I would tell them only math or only literacy.

Center time was just one part of our day – but I think it is important to value play by interacting with the children and making this time a consistent part of your schedule.  I know there are so many curriculum demands, but with the luxury of full day kindergarten I felt like I had time to do it all – Reader’s Workshop, Writing Workshop, Everyday Math, whole group and small group directed activities, and still have time for centers.  I think it is important to be able to tell parents and administrators why you value centers and play time.  I posted this chart in my room.

Printable copy:

Kindergarten Centers

There is a lot of research about how children learn, and how important it is for them to have sufficient time for free choice play activities.  Center time is a highlight of a long day for many children.  It is a time for every child to be successful and joyful.  If you feel pressure to leave this out of your day, I think it is our responsibility as advocates for young children to educate and explain what we know is best for our kids!

Routines!

It’s August!  When I was teaching I was already starting to feel beginning of the year pressure and stress!  Maybe only an early childhood teacher can understand that, but the beginning of the year is often overwhelming!  It is a combination of not knowing who is going to show up on your class list (special needs, behavior issues, dominant personalities, fearful (or tearful) little bunnies, anxious or demanding parents), the amount of materials we use and store, and planning how to keep the children safe and occupied those first LONG days of school, without overwhelming them.  And all of that is easier said than done!  That means we need to be well prepared and totally ready to start the year!  That is how I used to spend the month of August.

One of the most important things you can do to insure a smooth start to the year is to spend some time thinking of the routines you want to establish, and how you will teach and reinforce these at the beginning of the year.  Routines and rituals are two ways to provide consistency for young children, and to help them feel safe and confident at school.  Even adults like to know what is going to happen, and what we will be expected to do.  Developing, modeling, and practicing routines builds that sense of security and comfort, and it also just makes the day go more smoothly.  Adding rituals is a way to bond your children together as a school family, I will be blogging about those soon!

One of the things I loved about Kindergarten was how closely I got to work with parents, some volunteered in my room, but I developed relationships with most of them.  Parents needed to trust me to care for their child and keep him safe 7 hours every day, not to mention teaching the curriculum.  I spent more time with my children than their parents did during the school year.  Some parents need the comfort of knowing that you have specific procedures in place for how to handle everything from bathroom issues to bus helpers.  Building a partnership with parents is vitally important, and some parents will be reassured when you can explain your routines.

As you think through your day you might make a list of things that the children will be doing every day.  What I learned about Kindergarten is that you have to be very concrete and model every step that you want children to take.  Then you need to keep reinforcing each step until they become ingrained and you hear the kids say “this is the way we do it.”Here is a list I made of some of the daily activities in my classroom that I developed routines for.

Here is a copy to print if it will help you think through the procedures you need to develop:

List of routines

Of course every classroom, school and teacher are different and you have to develop the procedures that will work best in your situation, but this list might help you think through some of the decisions you need to make.

Coats and backpacks – Some of my classes used hooks in a coat room, other kids had individual lockers.  You need to think about how you will teach them to find their own space, put away their backpack, lunch box, hats, mittens, boots, scarves, snowpants, etc.  (In Michigan we needed it all!)  Thankfully we didn’t have to do all the winter clothese at the beginning of the year.

Modeling is the single most efficient way to teach these procedures, and you need to model again and again.  But another helpful idea is to take photographs of the children doing exactly what you want them to do, and make a book that you can read together until the routines become ingrained.  Also if a child needs more support you could copy the book for parents to read and reinforce at home.

This book includes a few of the rituals I added, but you can see that it is a good reminder of what the children need to do each day.  When I had children in my classroom that needed more help I sometimes turned these pictures into a step by step chart that I hung where they could refer to it.

Attendance and lunch count

When I first began teaching full day Kindergarten I made name cards and the children placed them in these boxes that I covered with contact paper to show whether they were buying the main item, choice or brought lunch from home.  When their name card had been picked up and put in the box I could also tell they were present at school.  But we offered more options – the children could select the main choice, an alternate, yogurt and graham crackers, or just milk.  Of course some children also brought their entire lunch and didn’t need to buy anything.  So I made a graphing chart:

I found this small pocket chart in the dollar section of Target and used my sewing machine to stitch 5 columns.  I laminated each child’s photograph, and photos of all the lunch choices.  I also copied a clipart picture of a lunch box and a single serve milk carton.  The children would place their picture in the correct column to show their lunch choice for the day.  Later in the day we would move these photos to a yes/no graph chart (pictured to the left).  This gave us several opportunities to analyze graphs every day, and I didn’t have to move the kids’ pictures!

I made that pocket chart from some that were also offered at Target a few years ago – this time I sewed two together to make it long enough for my entire class to choose the same answer on the graph.  Here are some of the graph questions I saved:

a bunch

I used this graphing system, but I also took attendance by having the children each recite his/her own name.  At the very beginning of the year I called each child’s name and asked how they were getting home – they would tell me their bus number, or pick up, or School Aged Care.  When all the children knew their bus numbers, etc. I told them that they were going to begin to take attendance by themselves.  The first time I put them in alphabetical order around the circle.  I explained that each child only had to listen for one other child’s name, and then say his or her own name.  It only took a few times for most children to chant off their name at the right time.  I liked this so much – they were all quiet because they had to listen for when to say their name, they learned each other’s names quickly, and when an adult stopped in to our room the children could recite their names to introduce themselves.  Parents and visitors were always impressed.  Sometimes I even told the children to line up according to their attendance and they could do it!  I ran into a former Kindergarten student who was a senior in high school and she told me she could still recite the class list from kindergarten!

Calendar Procedures

There are so many valuable things you can do with the Calendar.  Many math programs include lots of calendar activities.  There are also songs and poems that you can incorporate – but you have to decide what you want to include.  How will you count the days of school?  Weather?  Zero the Hero?  Seasons?

Bathroom procedures

You need to take the time to talk very directly about using the bathroom – putting the seat up and down, using toilet paper, flushing, washing hands.  I had a step by step line drawing of how to use the bathroom that I showed the children during this talk, then posted by the potty!

pchart

Sorry, I don’t have a copy of the girl version!

Snack?  You need to decide if you will include snack in your day – will they bring their own or take turns bringing class snack.  If they bring their own where will they store them?  Will it mean another trip out to lockers?  How will they know what to save for lunch time?  So many issues to decide!  I asked for donations of non-perishable snacks like graham crackers, pretzels, popcorn, cheese crackers, etc.  I modeled and they practiced washing hands, counting out snack into a cupcake liner and sitting to eat, then cleaning up.

Lunch procedures also lend themselves nicely to a Routine Book.

When I first modeled our lunch procedures I brought in a real lunch box and talked about eating my sandwich or main part of lunch first, using the open lunch box as a crumb catcher, etc.  When I made a routine book I tried to keep it to 7-8 pages and couldn’t include every detail, but I would often remind them of all the details when we read it.

Routine books can really be used to teach and reinforce almost all procedures in your classroom.   Sometimes songs and chants are helpful too.  For lining up we often chanted:

My hands are hanging at my sides

I’m standing straight and tall

My eyes are facing straight ahead

I’m ready for the hall!

Quiet Time – This is another issue you need to make decisions about.  Will you actually have the children lie down to rest?  Will they be expected to be silent or only quiet?  Will they just rest or look at books, or listen to music?  Will they bring rugs or towels?  Where and how will these be stored?  Will you just have lower key activities?  There really are no right or wrong answers across the board, you just have to decide what will work for you and your children.

You will also be modeling how the children will put their work into their mailboxes or cubbies or folders, and how to empty their mailboxes, etc. at the end of the day.  They will need to practice retrieving their coats, etc. and getting dressed to go home.  Many children get very anxious about dismissal time, and finding the right bus – talking through and practicing can help this go much smoother – so can having older children who come to help the little ones find their buses.

Some children really need to visualize all the events of the day.  Here are some simple drawings that you might use to make a visual schedule.  I know there are some wonderful computer programs that provide great pictures too.

Here are printable versions of all the ones I kept:

pchart-1_3

pchart-2_2_2

pchart-3

Teachers make so many decisions every day.  You have to make thoughtful choices about how you are going to introduce and reinforce everything.  Taking the time to develop consistent routines will make every day go more smoothly and help children feel secure and confident about school.

Planning Time!

Summer is moving right along – it never lasts long enough!   I know that some of you are starting to think through how you want to cover all the curriculum next school year.

I wanted to share a really basic planning tool that helped me out –

I started out by listing all the weeks of school, then I filled in weeks that I knew we would be talking about holidays, etc.  Then I filled in themes, trying to group them together so they would flow well through the year.  For example,  I listed Fall, pumpkins, Halloween, etc because they all really fell under the larger “umbrella” of Fall.  As the year went on I always revised this – stretching some themes to several weeks and eliminating others.  There were some themes that I switched off different years.  My goal, my job, was to teach the curriculum.  There were some subjects that could be taught through different themes and I just couldn’t fit all of them in every year.  I knew I might need to justify what I was doing in my classroom so I needed to know what benchmarks I was teaching in every lesson.  Luckily, I never had to – but I knew some teachers had parents or administrators who questioned what they were teaching and why.  That is when it is really helpful to be able to talk comfortably about your curriculum.

Here is a sample of an overview of the year, of course it was always revised as the year went on.

 

Themes

I was thinking that Kindergarten curriculum around the U.S. is probably pretty similar.  In my district, the curriculum was developed from State Benchmarks – called Grade Level Content Expectations (GLCE’s), and those were written from National Standards.  Even though these may be interpreted a bit differently, there must be a lot of similarities, so I thought I would share a very simple overview that I developed – my scope and sequence for the year.  Of course this one was written a few years ago, now that I am a full time Nana!

Here is a printable copy:

Scope and sequence

Of course this is a very simplified guideline for the year, but it helped me to think through how I wanted to use themes to integrate different strands of the curriculum.

This scope and sequence doesn’t show how you differentiate your instruction and adapt everything to the little individuals sitting on your rug.  Teachers make about a million decisions every day.  From how you speak to the children, react to behavior, introduce new topics, include their interests, and assess the children’s learning – you are constantly, often instantly, making decisions.   But when you think through the year you can be confident that you have a plan to fit in all the required benchmarks.

I realize the Math column does not give most of you useable information – we used Everyday Math, and were required to go through the program in order, so I just listed the lessons that I planned to cover each month.  That is the only area of our curriculum that was really dictated, so of course I followed EDM; but I sometimes added other math activities to supplement or enhance the children’s learning.

I used Talking, Drawing, Writing a lot in language arts at the beginning of the year, along with introducing and reinforcing letters and sounds with my puppets (look under my Language Arts section!)  I also used included Writer’s Workshop, and Reader’s Workshop beginning them formally when my students were ready.

In Science our curriculum changed a few times in my last few years of teaching.  We had been responsible for life cycles of animals, classifying animals and growth over time.  Then they revised it by taking animals away and adding earth materials.  Some units like 5 senses and weather were sometimes left out as expectations, but they were important foundations so I always taught them anyway.

One of the most important things new teachers can do during the summer is to become very familiar with their curriculum.  When you know what your expectations are for your children by the end of the year it will really help in planning.  When I first began teaching we did not have formal curriculum for Kindergarten in our district.  I used the report card statements that I would have to grade as a guideline about what the children needed to learn.  That is still a good way to start – the report card will give you a good idea of the most important things you will cover, but there are always curriculum areas that are not specifically listed on the report card that you are still expected to teach.

Here is a very simple overview of the statements on our report card in 2009.


Printable copy:

Kdg. PRC

I made a binder of all the Kindergarten curriculum – there were pages and pages for each subject area.  I included the state grade level content expectations and the district expectations.  A few years ago the Kindergarten teachers met together and developed rubrics to help us assess whether children were achieving the curriculum – our scale was from 1-4, to match our report card.  It was based on end of the year standards.  One problem was that on the mid-year report card a child who was totally on track might get a 2 or 3, because we hadn’t covered the whole benchmark yet.  It wasn’t always clear to parents that their child was right where they should be, because of course they wanted their child to get all 4’s!

draft student profile

revised L.A. rubric

draft math

draft science-social studies

These might be helpful when you are working on report cards next year!

I hope the heat isn’t getting to you.  The stores are starting to fill up with all those great back to school bargains – I think I will always miss the excitement and anticipation of starting the new year!

Arranging Your Classroom

In the first 5 years that I was a teacher I changed classrooms every year, and I taught in 3 different buildings.  Every year I was starting from scratch to design my classroom.  I spent the entire rest of my teaching career in the same room, and I loved that, but still one of the biggest jobs I did every year was setting up my room.  It was such an advantage to have the same room, and I could think about what worked well and what I knew I needed to change, but I still tried lots of different arrangements through the years.  Even after it was all arranged I sometimes moved it all around during the year if things just weren’t working well.  Of course as the years went by I also accumulated LOTS of stuff, and even though I loved all my books and puppets and stickers and toys I had to decide where to put everything and allow space for all the activities we would be doing every day.  Some people are just naturally neat and organized – but alas – not me!  It took lots of concentrated effort!

There are so many factors you have to consider when you are deciding where all these things go  – like storage of materials, traffic flow, noisy vs. quiet activities, where and how children will line up, and space for active play.  Here are some things you might want to consider when you are setting up  and arranging your room.
Circle Time!

I usually began by deciding where to have my whole group meeting time, and that needed to be a pretty large space.  In my district we could have up to 28 Kindergartners.  At whole group time I needed to provide enough space for them to all sit comfortably and have enough room for movement songs and games.  It was important to me for the children to be able to see each other during discussions and role play too.  One year I was offered a very nice, almost new rectangle carpet — the one with all the colored squares, where each child could have his/her own special space to sit.  I thought it looked beautiful, but after one day of using it (granted – it was the first day of school where everything can be a little stressful!) I was begging to trade it for a round, circle rug.  I wasn’t comfortable with where I was sitting compared to the kids.  I know lots and lots of teachers love these colored squares rugs, but I really like to have the kids sitting in a circle.

It really helps the children to know where you want them to sit if there is a visible circle (or square, etc.)  My room was carpeted but for years I didn’t have a circle time carpet, so I made a circle out of 3M colored tape.  I drew the circle by tying a piece of chalk to a long string.  I got my husband to sit in the middle of where I wanted the circle and I pulled the string taut and drew a chalk circle – then went back and put down the tape.  This worked great, but I had to teach the children not to pick at it or pull it up, and the custodians needed to work at removing the tape residue at the end of the year or it would be visible if I moved it the next year.  I found it almost impossible to find a circle carpet large enough to suit me!  I wanted space for all the children to sit on the edge, and room for me and my easel on part of it too.  Finally I found a large one, and had the children sit just off the carpet – to make the circle big enough.  It would be fine if you had a smaller class.  When I read to the children or during interactive writing I had them all scoot toward me – but for discussions and demonstrating projects I loved how they could all see me and each other in a circle.

Centers

I usually set up centers around the outside edges of my classroom.  I always included dramatic play, blocks, math centers, literacy centers, games, art center, writing center, listening center, science center and play dough/sandbox.  If possible I tried to position some centers so the children could use the large whole group space for something else when we weren’t at circle time.  Sometimes I put the block shelf, games or literacy materials close by so the kids could spread out and play or use that space.

Small Group Instruction

Somewhere, somehow – you need to find a place to meet with a small group of children at a time.  The last few years I was lucky enough to have a small half circle shaped table with a cut out for me to sit on the flat side, that I loved.  Before that I sat at a regular rectangle table to work with one child at a time, or a small group.  You need to consider the activities that will be going on and what other kids will be doing close to that area if you are trying to keep the children’s attention on a task or assessment.

I was so lucky to have wonderful parent involvement in my classroom, but that also meant I needed to find a space for them to put their coat and purse when they came to help, and space for them to work on preparing materials while we were at circle time.  Then I needed a place to put the prepared materials until we were ready to use them!  Sometimes there were baskets of partially prepared materials that had to be cleared off a table to make room for children to work.  All of these are things I had to think about when I was setting up my room.

Quiet Time

Deciding what you plan to do about nap time, or quiet time is an important decision.  But if you do plan to let the children stretch out to rest – or for Yoga/exercise activities, or anything that really requires them to have space; you need to think about how that fits into your room arrangement too.  I loved to bring in a small jogging trampoline or balance board, or balance beam sometimes to allow children to move – some children really need that kind of de-stressing.  My room was not huge – it is always a challenge!

Books!

One of the biggest changes to our curriculum in the last 5 years or so, was the expectation that most children will learn to read during Kindergarten.  The end of year expectation was to read at a level 4 using DRA2 leveled books.  I absolutely love children’s books and I have thousands, but Reader’s Workshop requires children to have access to different levels and different genres of books.  The idea is to put lots of books into the children’s hands, so books need to be visible and easily accessible.  I saw lots of examples of classrooms with tubs of books lining all the walls.  There is no right or wrong way to arrange your room, but I always wanted my classroom to LOOK like Kindergarten – I wanted toys and play centers visible and inviting because I think that sends a message to parents that play is important, so finding places to put the books was another challenge.

Organizing materials and supplies is another huge task.  I talked a lot about labeling in my last post – I think that is so important too.

During a summer workshop one year I was challenged to de-clutter my classroom.  I was one of those “Queens of Stuff!”  I bought, created, borrowed and copied everything I thought would be fun and helpful for my kids.  But I learned that less really is more.  In my housekeeping center I had realistic dishes, food, silverware, and the best dress up clothes I could find – including hats, shoes, purses and cell phones.  It was packed!  But most of the time the kids just went there – pulled everything out, walked on it – sometimes threw stuff around, then walked out.  There was very little meaningful or complex play!  I knew that children are playing at a higher level when they pretend and use a toilet paper tube as a telephone, or push a block around making believe it is a car.  They use higher levels of oral language, cooperate and plan together, and solve problems!  It also made clean up time a lot easier!  I took out tons of stuff – leaving a few simple dishes and food and a couple of dress up items.  I did leave the cell phones because they were a tremendous hit!  I pulled out all that fancy food when we were learning about healthy eating.

When I set up dramatic play centers like a Fire Station, Doctor’s Office, Restaurant, etc.  I learned that the children really only needed a few simple props and they could make or improvise the rest.  You do need to put out some things to set the tone and encourage the children’s ideas.  The most important part is to observe and talk about what people really do in those jobs, and model how to play with the materials.

Another suggestion is to rotate and change materials throughout the year.  That brings up another problem – where do you store everything?

Part of my summer de-cluttering job was to sit on the floor, or go on my knees and look all around my classroom from the children’s point of view.  The challenge was that everything visible to a child should be there for the children to use that day.   They should not be able to see any stored materials, extra supplies, teacher resources or my personal stuff.

There were a few suggestions like putting storage boxes high on top of shelves and covering them with fabric or large sheets of cardboard so they aren’t visible.  I put my desk behind the block shelf – you couldn’t see it unless you walked around the back of the shelf.  Our classroom bathroom was large and since I didn’t need that space for a child in a wheelchair – I put a shelving unit in there to store boxes, and I hung fabric from the top to cover all the sides.  I even put up a little curtain on the shelf under my double easel where I stored all the extra paint, etc.  If you do use fabric or cardboard to hide stored materials and supplies, you can use the fabric or cardboard as a place to display charts or kids’ work – or anything you would like them to see.

Here is a slide I shared at a workshop about setting up:

How many of you have started setting up your room?  Have you started thinking about it – or are you just enjoying summer?

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